Uber and Lyft Causing Road Congestion in San Francisco

The rapid growth of TNCs (Transportation network companies) is attributable to the numerous advantages and conveniences that TNCs provide over other modes of transportation, including point-to-point service, ease of reserving rides, shorter wait times, lower fares (relative to taxis), ease of payment, and real-time communication with drivers. The availability of this new travel alternative provides improved mobility for some San Francisco residents, workers and visitors, who make over one million TNC trips in San Francisco every week, though these TNC trips may conflict with other City goals and policies. The purpose of this research is to identify the extent to which TNCs contributed to increased roadway congestion in San Francisco between 2010 and  2016, relative to other potential contributing factors including employment growth, population growth, and changes to the transportation system.

Building Tomorrow's Talent: Collaboration Can Close Emerging Skills Gap

A recent study (Building Tomorrow's Talent: Collaboration Can Close Emerging Skills Gap) revealed that four in 10 corporations and almost half of academic institutions believe that recent graduates lack certain so-called 'soft skills' needed in the workforce to be successful, including emotional intelligence, complex reasoning, and negotiation and persuasion, etc. Employers are now more focused on interpersonal skills rather than GPA, according to the study. In response, some universities are releasing extracurricular transcripts that demonstrate a student’s individual skills in addition to grades. Such activities can provide a window into soft skills that employers increasingly are demanding in the workplace, from teamwork and self-regulation to multicultural competency and perseverance (Diverse Issues in Higher Education, Aug. 3, 2018).

The New Automobility: Lyft, Uber and the Future of American Cities

This research report, The New Automobility: Lyft, Uber and the Future of American Cities, was written by Bruce Schaller, Principal of Schaller Consulting, to further public understanding and discussion of the role that app-based ride services and other vehicle-for-hire services can and should play in furthering urban mobility, safety, and environmental goals. Rideshare service providers, such as Uber and Lyft, are referred to as Transportation Network Companies (TNCs). Besides TNCs, micro transit companies such as Via and Chariot and more recently dockless bike share and electric scooter offerings are showing on city streets.

The rise of mobile-driven transportation services brought some challenging questions to municipal and civic officials in cities across the country. Are these new mobility options friendly to city goals for mobility, safety, equity and environmental sustainability? What risks do they pose for clogging traffic or poaching riders from transit? What will happen when self-driving-vehicles are added to ride-hail fleets? One question of interest by many people is, does rideshare alleviate or worsen traffic congestion? This research attempted to answer these questions.

Encouraging More High School Students to Consider Teaching

The survey-based research, Encouraging More High School Students to Consider Teaching, conducted by the ACT in June 2018, indicates that education as a major has declined in popularity among ACT-tested high school graduates and that the students most interested in being K–12 teachers are less academically prepared than other students. This is a bad news to the public education because it predicts that the public school teacher workforce will be of poor quality. Without a solid quality of education, the country's future is doomed.

Why aren't students interested in teaching? The overwhelming reason that students are not interested in teaching is salary. Nearly two-thirds (63%) of those not interested in teaching cited pay as one of the top three reasons they were not interested in teaching. The research showed that the top intended mayors are health sciences, businesses, and engineering. Young people in the United States are more eager to become doctors, business managers, and engineers who make much higher salaries than that made by public school teachers. It is nothing to blame when a kid chooses his or her career as an engineer instead of a teacher. Ironically, a teacher is referred to as the engineer of human souls in some countries such as Russia and China.

Religiosity and the Decreased Likelihood to Divorce among Married Christians in the United States

This dissertation research, titled Religiosity and the Decreased Likelihood to Divorce among Married Christians in the United States, was conducted by Norma Sylvia Shearin (2016) as the partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctorate of Psychology at Grand Canyon University. With divorce rates increasing among Christian marriages, it is important to identify the significant factors of this phenomenon. Shearin (2016) saw the need to explore the impact of religiosity in Christian marriages on the likelihood to divorce. This correlational study was to determine whether and to what degree there is a relationship between the level of religiosity of married Christians in the United States and those couples’ likelihood to divorce.

In the literature review, the author provided interesting facts about divorce. only one in one thousand Americans was divorced by 1910. The divorce rates had doubled by 1940 and steadily increased by 1945. In 2009, a historic event took place when the rates of single, never married American individuals between the ages of 25 and 34 surpassed the number of married people. The author asserted that “the situation wherein the idea of what used to be an ideal woman (a loving mother, loyal wife, and skilled homemaker) had changed, resulting in broken homes, broken families, and therefore a broken nation” (Shearin, 2016).

Identification of Elementary Teachers' Risk for Stress and Vocational Concerns Using the National Schools and Staffing Survey

Teachers’ high job demands and low resources were significantly related to job stress, job dissatisfaction, and potential turnover. After the study of Vocational Concerns of Elementary Teachers (McCarthy, Lambert, & Reiser, 2014), the same authors  conducted a similar research with a much larger sample (Lambert, McCarthy, Fitchett, Lineback, & Reiser, 2015). The new study was to Identify elementary teachers’ risk for stress and vocational concerns using the National Schools and Staffing Survey.

This research was based on the job demands-resource (JD-R) model that conceptualized teacher stress as caused by a perceived imbalance of teachers’ classroom demands and resources (Lambert et al., 2015). Lambert et al. (2015) assessed teachers’ perceived demands and resources based on the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) dataset. The sample of this study contained 9,300 full-time public school elementary teachers who participated in 2000 and 2008 SASS survey in the United States. The SASS was administered by the National Center for Education Statistics. It contained many items similar to the Classroom Appraisal of Demands and Resources (CARD) scale used in previous study. Like the previous study, the SASS scores were assessed to classify teachers into three groups: resourced group, balanced group, and demand group.

Teachers’ Job Stress and Health

Psychological research provided empirical evidence about job stress manifestations. High-level job stress could manifest mental and psychosomatic diseases among employees.Scheuch, Haufe, and Seibt (2015) performed a meta-analysis to review teachers’ occupational health in Germany. This study was conducted using a selective review of the literature and data derived from the German statutory health insurance scheme concerning medical disability, long-term illness, and the inability to work among teachers.

In this study, Scheuch et al. concluded that “mental and psychosomatic diseases are more common in teachers than in non-teachers” (p. 347). Among many of the variables affecting teachers’ occupational health, the psycho-emotional stress is the dominating factor. As seen in the literature reviewed by Scheuch et al., teachers had consistently rated their job stress as high to very high. Salient stress factors reported by teachers themselves were time pressure, long working hours, over-crowded classrooms, noise in school, conflicts with school authorities, and lack of autonomy in decision-making (Scheuch et al., 2015). Also common were stressors from students’ behavioral issues and problematic behavior by students’ parents (Scheuch et al., 2015).

Theory of Counterfactual Thinking

In this informative and straightforward guide, author Harris Cooper goes beyond the proper treatment of human research subjects to Counterfactuality is currently a hotly debated topic. While for some disciplines, such as linguistics, cognitive science, or psychology, counterfactual scenarios have been an important object of study for quite a while, counterfactual thinking has in recent years emerged as a method of study for other disciplines, most notably the social sciences. This volume provides an overview of the current definitions and uses of the concept of counterfactuality in philosophy, historiography, political sciences, psychology, linguistics, physics, and literary studies.

10 Breakthrough Therapies for Parkinson's Disease

Michael S. Okun, M.D. is internationally celebrated as both a neurologist and a leading researcher. He has often been referred to as, “the voice of the Parkinson’s disease patient.” He was honored at the White House in 2015 as a Champion of Change for Parkinson’s disease. He has an international following on the National Parkinson Foundation’s Ask the Doctor web-forum and he is a Professor of Neurology at the University of Florida Health Center for Movement Disorders and Neurorestoration. His many books and internet blog posts are brimming with up-to date and extremely practical information. This book is the sequel to his runaway bestseller, Parkinson’s Treatment: 10 Secrets to a Happier Life, which was translated into over 20 languages. Dr. Okun is well known for infusing his readers with positivity and optimism. In his latest book he reveals the breakthroughs in Parkinson’s disease that will pave the road to meaningful progress. In this book he reviews all of the recent breakthrough ideas and therapies in Parkinson’s disease, and he reviews the knowledge gained which is extending far beyond a single drug or stem cell. He paints the broader and more exciting picture and reviews the portfolio of breakthroughs spanning drug, cell, vaccine, device, genetics, care, and behavior. He believes that patients and families with personal investments in Parkinson’s disease should be informed and updated about all of these potential breakthrough therapies. This book informs, educates, and will inspire Parkinson’s disease patients, family members, as well as health care professionals and scientists. As Dr. Okun points out, we will journey toward better treatments -- and one day a cure.

Ethical Choices in Research: Managing Data, Writing Reports, and Publishing Results in the Social Sciences

In this informative and straightforward guide, author Harris Cooper goes beyond the proper treatment of human research subjects to examine frequently neglected ethical issues that arise after the subjects have left. He teaches students and researchers how to avoid these issues through careful planning that begins in the very early stages of a project's inception. Readers will learn about important ethical considerations related to: collecting, managing, and interpreting study data; assigning research responsibilities and authorships to team members; preparing and publishing research reports; and interacting with the media and the scientific community after publication.