Structuralism and Functionalism in Psychological Studies

In the graduate school courses of psychology history, structuralism and functionalism are often studied for their relevance to the development of psychology as a scientific discipline.  Because of their abstractness of philosophical roots, students may be challenged in comprehending the concepts.  To many learners, it could be frustrating to understand either of the concepts or the relationship and difference between them.  From literal review, structuralism and functionalism seem similar: one talk about structures and the other promotes functions.  But from historical and theatrical perspectives, there are significant differences between structuralism and functionalism.  These two schools "were largely adversaries, and there was little meaningful dialog between them" (Hergenhahn, 2009, p. 336).
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