Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness “that causes people to lose contact with reality” (Comer, 2010, p. 25). People with schizophrenia often illustrate bizarre behavior accompanied with distorted mind, disorganized perceptions, or withdrawn emotions. Their neurocognitive deficits aggravate over time (Seidman et al., 2012). Common symptoms of schizophrenia, either positive or negative, as listed by Comer (2010) include “hallucinations, delusions, disorganization, abnormal movements, restricted emotional expression, avolition, impaired cognition, depression, and mania” (p. 445).
Comer, R. J. (2010). Abnormal psychology (8th ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers.
Seidman, L. J., Meyer, E. C., Giuliano, A. J., Breiter, H. C., Goldstein, J. M., Kremen, W. S., & ... Faraone, S. V. (2012). Auditory working memory impairments in individuals at familial high risk for schizophrenia. Neuropsychology, 26(3), 288-303. doi:10.1037/a0027970