Basically, the scientific method is a set of assumptions and rules about collecting and evaluating data. The explicitly stated assumptions and rules enable a standard, systematic method of investigation that is designed to reduce bias as much as possible. Central to the scientific method is the collection of data that allows investigators to put their ideas to an empirical test, outside of or apart from their personal biases. In essence, the proof of the science is in the data. “Stripped of all its glamour, scientific inquiry is nothing more than a way of limiting false conclusions about natural events” (Ruch & Zimbardo, 1970, p. 31) (Heppner, Wampold, & Kivlighan, 2008, p. 5).
Heppner, P. P., Wampold, B. E., & Kivlighan, Jr., D. M. (2008). Research Design in Counseling (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Higher Education.