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Monday, November 18, 2013

Pygmalion Effect

Pygmalion effect proposes that leaders’ attitudes toward and expectations of followers, and their treatment of them, explain and predict followers’ behavior and performance. 

The concept of Theory X and Theory Y is similar to the Pygmalion effect, because both theories focus on the leader’s attitude about the followers. The Pygmalion effect extends Theory X and Theory Y attitudes by including the leader’s expectations and how he or she treats the followers, using this information to explain and predict followers’ behavior and performance. In contrast, Theory X and Theory Y focus on the leader’s behavior and performance. Both approaches are different from self-concept because they examine the leader’s attitudes about others, whereas self-concept relates to the leader’s attitude about him- or herself. Self-concept is also different because it focuses on how the leader’s attitude about him- or herself affects his or her behavior and performance.

Reference

Lussier, R. N. & Achua, C. F. (2010). Leadership: Theory, application, and skill development (4th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

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