Although people often perceive disability as physical and physiological forms, many disabilities are in psychological contexts. Here are some examples of disabilities in physical and psychological forms:
Disability in physical forms:
VISUAL: Legally blind, or has difficulty reading a newspaper without glasses, or has a limited field of vision.
HEARING: Difficulty in hearing an ordinary conversation and/or using a telephone without the aid of an assistive device.
SPEECH: Difficulty speaking or making oneself understood in person or on the telephone.
ORTHOPEDIC: Amputations, or functional limitations of the upper or lower extremities, trunk, back or spine.
SKIN DISFIGUREMENTS: Burns, scars, acne, or other skin conditions.
OTHER HEALTH CONDITIONS: Impairments caused by diseases or other conditions affecting the body organs or systems, such as the heart, lungs or kidneys, e.g., cancer, Emphysema, Diabetes, Allergies, etc.
Disability in psychological forms:
NEUROLOGICAL: Autism, Epilepsy, Cerebral Palsy, Dyslexia and/or other learning disabilities or other impairments causing limitations in balance, coordination, sensory and/or cognitive functions.
INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY: Limitations in adaptive skill areas as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills.
MENTAL DISORDERS: Conditions that impair reasoning or appropriate social behavior such as psychoses, neuroses, depression and personality disorders when diagnosed by a physician or clinical psychologist.
ALCOHOL OR DRUG ABUSE: History of usage that substantially interfered with work.