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Monday, October 21, 2013

Disability in Psychological Forms

Although people often perceive disability as physical and physiological forms, many disabilities are in psychological contexts.  Here are some examples of disabilities in physical and psychological forms:

Disability in physical forms:

VISUAL: Legally blind, or has difficulty reading a newspaper without glasses, or has a limited field of vision.

HEARING: Difficulty in hearing an ordinary conversation and/or using a telephone without the aid of an assistive device.

SPEECH: Difficulty speaking or making oneself understood in person or on the telephone.

ORTHOPEDIC: Amputations, or functional limitations of the upper or lower extremities, trunk, back or spine.

SKIN DISFIGUREMENTS: Burns, scars, acne, or other skin conditions.

OTHER HEALTH CONDITIONS: Impairments caused by diseases or other conditions affecting the body organs or systems, such as the heart, lungs or kidneys, e.g., cancer, Emphysema, Diabetes, Allergies, etc.

Disability in psychological forms:

NEUROLOGICAL: Autism, Epilepsy, Cerebral Palsy, Dyslexia and/or other learning disabilities or other impairments causing limitations in balance, coordination, sensory and/or cognitive functions.

INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY: Limitations in adaptive skill areas as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills.

MENTAL DISORDERS: Conditions that impair reasoning or appropriate social behavior such as psychoses, neuroses, depression and personality disorders when diagnosed by a physician or clinical psychologist.

ALCOHOL OR DRUG ABUSE: History of usage that substantially interfered with work.

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